US HISTORY: The United States Industrializes

Quote of TRUTH“Those who do not industrialize become the hewers of wood and hawkers of water.” – Alexander Hamilton


 – Vocabulary –

INDUSTRY: an organized economic activity connected with the production, manufacture, or construction of a particular product or range of products

INDUSTRIALIZATION: to introduce industry into (an area) on a large scale

REVOLUTION: a dramatic change in ideas or practice


The Industrial Revolution: As the Civil War ended, the American industry expanded and millions of people left their farms to work in mines and factories. There was widespread adoption of industrial methods of production. The Industrial Revolution period was also known as the Gilded Age, a term coined by Mark Twain. 


Industrial Success: The growth of U.S. manufacturing during the lath 19th century led to an increased demand for new international markets to sell our goods. Industrial success was highly appreciated by the U.S. because it brought them:

  • an abundance of raw materials and natural resources,
    • Water
    • Timber
    • Coal
    • Iron
    • Coal
    • Oil
  • improved transportation (due to the railroad system),
    • all over the country railroads transported:
      • Miners
      • Settlers
      • Resources
  • and a flood of new inventions
    • increased the nations productive capacity
    • improved transportation 
    • improved communications 
    • new corporations founded & produced new jobs



  • Thomas Edison, the inventor of:
    • Phonograph
    • 1882, Light bulb
    • Kinetoscope
    • Edison electric
    • and has 1,093 patents for his inventions 
  • Alexander G. Bell, the inventor of:
    • 1876, the telephone
    • Bell Telephone Company -> AT&T


Population Growth and Large Workforce: It was between 1860 and 1920, that the population of the U.S. nearly tripled. During this time, over 20 million immigrants came from China and Southern and Eastern Europe.



Contributing Factors to the Industrial Revolution: 

  • The American system of free enterprise
  • Little to no government control of industry (Laissez-faire)
  • New inventions and improvements in technology and communications
  • Rural Americans and immigrants as a source of cheap labor


And, there you have it! 

have a great weekend!

Yours truly,


© Elizabeth Anne Villoria